Using a manikin or mask, demonstrate artificial respiration by the mouth-to- mouth or mouth-to-nose method. Show how to place the patient in the recovery position and know how to manage an unconscious person after an accident, fit, fainting, or other causes.
Understand the dangers of moving or handling a patient when the extent of the injury is not known.
Have a basic understanding of the circulation of the blood showing: how to stop bleeding, how to dress a wound.
Know how to guard against shock following an accident and electric shock.
Show how to prevent and deal with hypothermia.
Demonstrate the First Aid treatment for burns, including those from acid and friction.
Bandage an injured ankle.
Know what to do if you suspect that someone has swallowed a poisonous substance.
Understand the limits of capability and importance of summoning help. Show how to use a telephone to deliver a clear message.
Know how to deal with a foreign body in the eye, ear, nose or throat.
Prepare a simple First Aid kit for home or camp and know how to use the contents.
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